Dutch Procedural Law General remarks

The NCC will apply Dutch procedural law when settling disputes, with English being the working language.

Dutch procedural law is recognised for being efficient, pragmatic and cost-effective. An example of the advantages of litigating in The Netherlands is the conservatory arrest (Dutch freezing/Mareva injunctions). These orders can be attained with relative ease to prevent assets located in the Netherlands from being removed from the jurisdiction or otherwise disposed of pending the completion of proceedings.

While such injunctions can be quite difficult to secure in English speaking common law jurisdictions, the Dutch courts award these arrest orders quite readily, giving plaintiffs in Dutch proceedings a high degree of security and certainty regarding their ability to execute a judgment if it is handed down in their favor.

This makes The Netherlands a particularly attractive forum for claimants with a cause of action against a Dutch defendant. The Netherlands are also an ideal forum for litigation in which the defendant or its assets are not located in the Netherlands. It is little known that Dutch court judgments are amongst the most widely enforceable judgments worldwide.

Thanks to instruments such as the Brussels Regulation, the Lugano Convention and the Hague Convention on the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in civil and commercial matters, Dutch court judgments are easily enforceable in over 30 other jurisdictions, including 5 outside the European Union. In addition to this, Dutch decisions are generally also enforceable in the United States (most states), Canada, Singapore, Hong Kong, Australia and New Zealand. This makes a Dutch judgment enforceable and valuable well beyond the borders of the Dutch jurisdiction.

Although the Netherlands Commercial Court is established in The Netherlands, foreign law may apply to the case. The applicable law is determined by rules of international private law. In the Netherlands Book 10 of the Dutch Civil Code and the Rome I and Rome II Regulations apply to commercial disputes.

Parties are free to choose the applicable law, subject to some mandatory provisions of Dutch law.

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